Oil exports account for nearly 80 percent of foreign exchange earnings. The constitution mandates that all large-scale industries, including petroleum, minerals, banking, foreign exchange, insurance, power generation, communications, aviation, and road and rail transport, be owned publicly and administered by the state.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei The Supreme Leader - the highest power in the land - appoints the heads of the judiciary, military and media. He also confirms the election of the president. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was appointed for life in Junesucceeding Ayatollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic republic.
He previously served two consecutive terms as president in the s. Iran has been led by a highly conservative clerical elite since the revolution in Hassan Rouhani Hassan Rouhani won a resounding re-election victory in May as voters overwhelmingly backed his efforts to reach out to the world and rebuild the struggling economy.
Rouhani, who is regarded as a moderate, reformist figure, spearheaded a nuclear deal with world powers. He was elected in All broadcasting from Iranian soil is controlled by the state and reflects official ideology.
A wider range of opinion may be found online and in the printed press. However, many pro-reform outlets have been closed and their writers and editors imprisoned.
Iran has been described by media freedom advocates as "among the five biggest prisons in the world" for journalists.AGRICULTURE in metin2sell.com rural economy, for millennia the economic and social basis for all Persian governments, is characterized by a series of ecological and economic restraints that have hampered its .
An overview of O.F.A.C. Regulations involving Sanctions against Iran. This fact sheet provides general information about the Iranian Government of Iran, including sales of foreign goods or arranging for third-country financing or guarantees.
Nov 13, · Starting with nationwide municipal elections in and continuing through Majles elections in , conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president.
An overview of the Iranian government and political system. On the surface, the U.S. and Iranian governments have much in common: a president who is popularly elected, a boisterous legislature.
Iran has had a turbulent history in just its recent past.
From a democracy in the s, Iran seems to have moved backwards, from an authoritarian regime (backed by Britain and the US) that overthrew the democratic one, to a religious fundamentalist regime toppling the .
In practice, however, presidential powers are circumscribed by the clerics and conservatives in Iran's power structure, and by the authority of the Supreme Leader. It is the Supreme Leader, not the president, who controls the armed forces and makes decisions on security, defence and major foreign policy issues.