Leeds suffered nine air-raids over the duration of the war with its heaviest on the night of 14 and 15 March when forty bombers attacked the city centre.
Salafi jihadism "Salafi Jihadism" was a term invented by Gilles Kepel   to describe those self-claiming Salafi groups who began developing an interest in armed jihad during the mids.
Practitioners are often referred to as "Salafi jihadis" or "Salafi jihadists". Journalist Bruce Livesey estimates Salafi jihadists constitute less than 1.
Hafez, is an "extreme form of Sunni Islamism that rejects democracy and Shia rule. The European Parliamentin a report commissioned in claimed that Wahhabi and Salafi groups are involved, mainly via Saudi charities, in the support and supply of arms to rebel groups around the world.
The Egyptian Salafi cleric Mahmoud Shaaban "appeared on a religious television channel calling for the deaths of main opposition figures Mohammed ElBaradei — a Nobel Peace Prize laureate — and former presidential candidate Hamdeen Sabahi.
The Saudi scholar, Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen considered suicide bombing to be unlawful   and the scholar Abdul Muhsin al-Abbad wrote a treatise entitled: According to which intellect and Religion is Suicide bombings and destruction considered Jihad?.
Everybody claims that the Prophet is their role model. Our Prophet spent the first half of his message making dawahand he did not start it with jihad".
It has been noted that the Western association of Salafi ideology with violence stems from writings "through the prism of security studies" that were published in the late 20th century and that continue to persist.
Wahhabism Wahhabism is a more strict, Saudi form of Salafism,   according to Mark Durie, who states that Saudi leaders "are active and diligent" using their considerable financial resources "in funding and promoting Salafism all around the world.
Hamid Algar and Khaled Abou El Fadl believe, during the s and 70s, Wahhabism rebranded itself as Salafism knowing it could not "spread in the modern Muslim world" as Wahhabism.
Ahl-i Hadith Ahl-i Hadith is a religious movement that emerged in Northern India in the mid-nineteenth century. Folk Islam and Sufismcommonly popular with the poor and working class in the region, are anathema to Ahl-i Hadith beliefs and practices.
This attitude toward Sufism has brought the movement into conflict with the rival Barelvi movement even more so than the Barelvis' rivals, the Deobandis. It is considered the main Salafi group in Egypt. El-Fiqi's ideas were resentful of Sufism. It is the outcome of student activism during the s.
While many of the activists joined the Muslim Brotherhooda faction led by Mohammad Ismail al-Muqaddim, influenced by Salafists of Saudi Arabia established the Salafist Calling between and It has an ultra-conservative Islamist ideology, which believes in implementing strict Sharia law.
The Islamist Bloc gained of the parliamentary seats contested,  second-place after the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party.
From January the party gradually distanced itself from Mohammad Morsi 's Brotherhood government, and came to join the opposition in the July coup which ousted Morsi.The Salafi movement or Salafist movement or Salafism is a reform branch or revivalist movement within Sunni Islam that developed in Egypt in the late 19th century as a response to European imperialism, with roots in the 18th-century Wahhabi movement that originated in the Najd region of modern day Saudi Arabia.
It advocated a return to the . A new website examining years of fire service history has been launched today (9 April) as part of plans to mark the centenary of the Fire Brigades Union (FBU).. Visitors to the site will be able to explore the ways in which the union has contributed to the safety of both the public and firefighters through campaigns to introduce fire safety legislation .
A plaque is to be unveiled at a historic fire station this Saturday in memory of a Leeds firefighter who lost his life defending the city from air-raid fires during the Second World War. Provides full text coverage to nearly 9, journals, including over 7, peer-reviewed titles in the social sciences, humanities, general .
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