Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3,year-old writing, the Cascajal Blockwas discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC.
Cuneiform Cuneiform was the system of writing used most extensively in the ancient Middle East. Cuneiform was employed for writing a number of languages from about the end of the 4th millennium BC until about the 1st century BC. The term is from the Latin, meaning "wedge-shaped.
Because they were pressed into soft clay tablets with the slanted edge of a stylus, they came to have a wedge-shaped appearance.
Cuneiform was not a language. It was, like Egyptian hieroglyphics and the Chinese system of ideographs, or ideograms, a picture-writing system that used symbols. As the symbols gained acceptance throughout the Middle East, they could be understood by all ethnic groups even though the groups spoke different languages and dialects.
The earliest known documents in cuneiform were written by the Sumerians of southern Mesopotamia, who assigned their own word-sounds to the symbols. Later, the Akkadians adopted the symbols but pronounced them as corresponding Akkadian words.
Cuneiform thus passed successively from one people to another. The Akkadians were succeeded by the Babylonians, and they by the Assyrians. The expansion of cuneiform writing outside Mesopotamia began during the 3rd millennium BC, when the country of Elam, in what is now southwestern Iran, adopted the system.
The Hurrians of northern Mesopotamia adopted Akkadian cuneiform in about BC and passed it to the Hittites, who had invaded Asia Minor about that time.
In the 2nd millennium cuneiform became the universal medium of written communication among the nations of the Middle East. The Assyrian and Babylonian empires fell in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. By this time Aramaic was becoming the common language of the area, and Phoenician script came into general use.
Cuneiform was used less and less, though many priests and scholars kept the writing form alive until the 1st century AD.
Cuneiform owes its disappearance largely to the fact that it was a non-alphabetic way of writing. It could not compete successfully with the alphabetic systems being developed by the Phoenicians, Israelites, Greeks, and other peoples of the Mediterranean.Cuneiform or Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians.
It is distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets, made by means of a blunt reed for a stylus. The name cuneiform itself simply means "wedge shaped". A Brief History of Writing. Search the site GO.
History & Culture. Inventions Timelines Basics Famous Inventions the Greek alphabet was developed and began to replace pictographs as the most commonly-used form of visual communication.
Greek was the first script written from left to right. A Brief History of Getting Around.
|Origin and character of cuneiform||By the early 21st century some 30, tablets or fragments of tablets in the Hittite language had been recovered through archaeological excavations. The overwhelming majority of these were found in the tablet collections of Hattusa, although additional Origin and character of cuneiform The origins of cuneiform may be traced back approximately to the end of the 4th millennium bce.|
Cuneiform was the system of writing used most extensively in the ancient Middle East. Cuneiform was employed for writing a number of languages from about the end of the 4th millennium BC until about the 1st century BC. Cuneiform, system of writing used in the ancient Middle East.
The name, a coinage from Latin and Middle French roots meaning “wedge-shaped,” has been the modern designation from the early 18th century onward. Cuneiform was the most widespread and historically significant writing system in the ancient Middle East.
Cuneiform, system of writing used in the ancient Middle metin2sell.com name, a coinage from Latin and Middle French roots meaning “wedge-shaped,” has been the modern designation from the early 18th century onward. Cuneiform was the most widespread and historically significant writing system in the ancient Middle metin2sell.com active history comprised the last three millennia bce, its long development.
The History of the Alphabet The Greek Alphabet The two great pivotal moments in this story (of the alphabet) are the devising of the consonantal alphabet on an acrophonic basis in the early second millennium B.C., and the addition of the vowels to the consonantal repertoire in the earlier part of the first millennium B.C.