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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background and aims: The primary objective of the present study was to investigate which cell-phone activities are associated with cell-phone addiction.
No research to date has studied the full-range of cell-phone activities, and their relationship to cell-phone addiction, across male and female cell-phone users.
Participants completed the questionnaire as part of their class requirements. The questionnaire took 10 and 15 minutes to complete and contained a measure of cell-phone addiction and questions that asked how much time participants spent daily on 24 cell-phone activities.
Findings revealed cell-phone activities that are associated significantly with cell-phone addiction e. Cell-phone activities that drive cell-phone addiction CPA were found to vary considerably across male and female cell-phone users.
Invisible consumption driver a strong social component drove CPA for both males and females, the specific activities associated with CPA differed markedly. CPA amongst the total sample is largely driven by a desire Invisible consumption driver connect socially.
The activities found to be associated with CPA, however, differed across the sexes. As the functionality of cell-phones continues to expand, addiction to this seemingly indispensable piece of technology becomes an increasingly realistic possibility.
First, it was the radio, then the telephone and the TV, followed quickly by the Internet. The current-day fascination with the cell-phone e. Many young adults today cannot envision an existence without cell-phones.
A large scale survey of 2, US college students found that respondents reported spending one hour and 40 minutes daily on Facebook Junco, And, 60 percent of US college students admit that they may be addicted to their cell-phone McAllister, This increasing dependence on cell-phones coincides with the recent emergence of the Smart Phone.
Sixty-seven percent of young adults 18 to 24 years of age own a Smart Phone compared to 53 percent of all adults. Cell-phones are quickly replacing the lap-top or desk-top computer as the preferred method of accessing the Internet.
A full 56 percent of Internet users access the web via their cell-phones. This figure has nearly doubled from only three years ago. An increasing reliance on cell-phones among young adults and college students may signal the evolution of cell-phone use from a habit to an addiction.
Although the concept of addiction has multiple definitions, traditionally it has been described as the repeated use of a substance despite the negative consequences suffered by the addicted individual Alavi et al.
Any entity that can produce a pleasurable sensation has the potential of becoming addictive Alavi et al. Loss of control over the behavior is an essential element of any addiction.
As alluded to above, cell-phone addiction appears to be the latest technological addiction to emerge. As the cost of cell-phone use drops and the functionality of these devices expands, cell-phones have ensconced themselves into the everyday lives of consumers around the globe.
Behavioral addictions, according to Griffiths, feature what many consider to be the core components of addiction, namely: Based on research aimed at better understanding cell-phone addiction, Shambare et al.
Importantly, cell-phone addiction does not happen overnight, and, like most forms of behavioral addiction, occurs via a process Martin et al.
Addiction often begins with seemingly benign behavior i. In the case of cell-phones, such an addiction may begin when an initially benign behavior with little or no harmful consequences — such as owning a cell-phone for safety purposes — begins to evoke negative consequences and the user becomes increasingly dependent upon its use.
Owning a cell-phone for purposes of safety, for instance, eventually becomes secondary to sending and receiving text messages or visiting online social networking sites; eventually, the cell-phone user may engage in increasingly dangerous behaviors such as texting while driving.
The process of addiction suggests a distinction between liking and wanting. This switch from liking to wanting is referred to by Grover et al. The authors argue that the same neural circuitry experienced with substance addiction is activated with this behavioral form of addiction.
The present study makes several contributions to the literature in this area of research. It is the first to investigate which of a wide range of cell-phone activities are most closely associated with cell-phone addiction.
Research in this area is critically important given the pervasive use of cell-phones by young adults, especially college students. The negative impact of cell-phone use on performance transcends the classroom and can impact workplace performance not only for students but for employees of all ages.
The conflict caused by excessive cell-phone use impacts relationships among and between students, between students and their professors and parents, and between students and supervisors at work. Cell-phone addiction may also be an indicator of other problems that require attention.Could it be a driver problem or something?
Because I don't think it's reasonable power consumption numbers. I beleive this is the Wireless card from sudo lspci -vvnn.
MD Driver in NoVA - full day after the storm. 20 · 5 comments. Grey/silver/that weird brown = also completely invisible in rain. I say this all the time. At nighttime, headlights are for you to see.
all the time. The overall safety benefit far outweighs the minor increase in fuel consumption and bulb replacement costs, IMO. Of course.
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